Manuel Gómez-Zaldívar, Fernando Gómez-Zaldívar

Economic structure and business cycle synchronization: Evidence from Mexico’s states

According to recent studies, the growing economic integration between Mexico and the United States,
that resulted from the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), heterogeneously transformed the
economic structure of Mexico’s states. is study provides evidence that this, in turn, altered the degree
and nature of economic synchronization among them. Furthermore, it shows evidence of an increasingly
significant positive relationship from 1994 on between economic synchronization and the level of
sophistication of states’ economic structures [measured by the Economic Complexity Index (ECI)]. As
economic integration increases, it becomes easier for shocks to be transmitted between state economies
with similar economic structures, either because their characteristics make them more sensitive to the same
kinds of shocks or simply because they are so closely linked. Our results help provide a greater
understanding of the states’ economic evolution during the period analyzed.

Keywords: Synchronization and Economic Integration; Economic complexity index.

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To cite this article

Gómez-Zaldívar, M. ; Gómez-Zaldívar, F. (2023). Estructura económica y sincronización de los ciclos económicos: Evidencia de los estados de México. Investigaciones Regionales - Journal of Regional Research, 58, 163-177.