Marisol Esteban, Arantxa Rodríguez, José Moreno, Amaia Altuzarra y Jon Larrañaga
Regional and Cohesion Policy constitutes one of the major priorities of
the European Union. As a result of the increasing concern of public authorities and
society towards the use and results of public resources, evaluation activities have become
an integral component of the process of modernization and rationalization of
public policies, which has led to the institutionalization of evaluation in the European Regional and Cohesion policy-making process. In this context, this paper presents,
first, a theoretical and conceptual revision of both regional policy and its evaluation.
The historical evolution explains the plurality and methodological diversity that
exists nowadays in the theoretical field of the evaluation of regional policy. Secondly,
the results of a detailed analysis of the evaluation methodologies that are actually applied
by regional development plans and programs in the European Union are exposed,
to finally show the existing discrepancy between theory and practice in the field
of evaluation of European Regional Policy.
Joaquín Alegre and Jaume Garau
In literature, analyses can be found of the competitiveness of international
tourist destinations, based on tourist satisfaction with different attributes. However,
most of these analyses do not use one single measure to make a global assessment,
which makes it difficult to compare destinations. The aim of this paper is twofold.
First, some alternatives that can be used as a synthetic index of tourist satisfaction are
discussed. Second, the indices that are proposed are used to analyse a group of rival
destinations for the European sun and sand tourism market. From the results that are
obtained, the advantages of each of the proposed indices are discussed.
Silvia Andrés González-Moralejo y José María García Álvarez-Coque
The agricultural policy in Spain has been involved in substantial changes
which have implied some adjustments on the levels of support and its instruments.
After the "Mid Term Review" of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
more and more of its instruments are applied with varied intensity at the regional level.
In this context, an information system about agricultural support that allows the
monitoring and evaluation of the support and its regional distribution becomes necessary. This work makes use of the progress undertaken by OECD in defining a methodology
to estimate support to the agricultural sector.
Jaime Bonet and Adolfo Meisel
This paper advances the analysis of regional income convergence in
Colombia, through the use of the income data recently estimated for the departments,
the main subnational political units. The results show a polarization process between
Bogotá and the rest of the departments. The preponderance of Bogotá during the period
analyzed is also discussed: its per capita income is more than double that of the
national average, and more than eight times the per capita income of the poorest department,
Chocó. Persistence in the departmental per capita income ranking is observed:
Bogotá is always ahead, while the departments in the periphery are in the last places.
The findings lead to the conclusion that it is necessary to design policies to correct
the significant disparities in per capita income between Colombian regions.
Antonio Caparrós Ruiz y Mª. Lucía Navarro Gómez
As a result of recent Spanish labour market reforms, the overall permanent
contracts have been divided in three groups: regular open-ended contracts,
subsidized permanent contracts from the conversion of fixed-term contracts and
subsidized initial open-ended contracts. The first objective of this paper is to
analyze the impact of these types of permanent contracts versus fixed-term contracts
on the immigrant population in comparison with the native one. The second aim pretends
to shed new light on the quality of immigrant´s jobs contrasting the existence
of occupational segregation. The methodology used for the first aim, consists in estimating
multinomial logit models where the dependent variable shows the contractual
arrangements of the workers. For the second aim, indexes of occupational segregation
by type of contract are obtained. This analysis is done separately for
Andalusia and for the rest of Spain, distinguishing employees with less or more experience
to observe the process of labour market assimilation of immigrants. The
data used in this work comes from the Muestra Continua de Vidas Laborales
Oscar D. Marcenaro Gutiérrez y Laia West Montiel
This piece of work is aimed at disentangling the factors affecting the
balance between personal, family and working life. To this end we undertake an empirical
approach by means of several econometric techniques. The estimation of
these models is based on data coming from an ad hoc survey. The results of the
analysis allow us to conclude that policy measures designed to increase men co-responsibility are a key issue to improve womens work-family-life balance.
Ricard Calvo Palomares
The eighties saw the emergence of a new conception of economic and
social development in Spain. The locally appeared as a new tool for action and improvement over the territory. More than twenty years of operating the same, this note
reflects on the evolution and current configuration of this phenomenon materialized
in figure-Agent or the Local Development Agency (LDA). To do so, and since most
prominent data obtained in an investigation conducted in the Valencia region of La Ribera Alta, proposes a decalogue of key issues or challenges for the future model of
Ginés de Rus
Transport infrastructure contributes to social welfare when a basic condition
is fulfilled: social benefits should exceed social costs. It has been common to see
infrastructure with a biased perspective leading to the belief that the more, the bigger
and the more advance technologically the better. The concept of opportunity cost of public
money does not seem to be understood by many who take crucial decisions on the
construction of new large projects. In this paper, the economic evaluation of projects is
defended as a way to avoid the construction of socially unprofitable projects.
Por Juan Ramón Cuadrado-Roura
Por Gemma García
Por Juan Ramón Cuadrado-Roura