Issue 43

Artículos

Editorial

Editorial

En otoño de 2002 se publicó el primer número de la Investigaciones Regionales. Tras 17 años, se han publicado cerca de quinientas piezas, entre artículos, notas, reseñas de libros, etc. La revista disfruta hoy en día de un elevado prestigio internacional: está indexada en los repositorios científicos internacionales más impor­tantes, como Clarivate Analytics, Scopus, Latindex, Redalyc, por citar algunos. Los factores de impacto sitúan a la revista en niveles destacados, lo que hace que resulte un espacio a considerar para los autores de instituciones españolas e internacionales que pretendan conseguir reconocimiento a su productividad académica, incluyendo acreditaciones y otros reconocimientos oficiales.

El nivel alcanzado es el resultado del esfuerzo y dedicación de mucha gente. Comenzando por su fundador y director, Juan Ramón Cuadrado Roura, y continuando por los secretarios, los miembros de los consejos y equipos editoriales, los autores y revisores, y evidentemente personas como Julieta Llungo, que han hecho que todo el esfuerzo haya merecido la pena. Sirvan estas líneas como agradecimiento de la comunidad científica de ciencia regional a todo este equipo humano.

Desde enero de 2019 la dirección de la revista recae en un equipo formado por algunos miembros del anterior equipo editorial, y otros nuevos, entre los que me incluyo. Podría decir que no va a ser fácil mantener el nivel, pero honestamente pienso que la trayectoria de la revista y su prestigio facilitan enormemente que así sea. Por lo tanto, y dado que siempre hay espacio de mejora, por delante solo hay que plantearse crecer. Cuando este nuevo equipo se hizo cargo de la revista se planteó tres grandes objetivos: facilitar la transición a un nuevo modelo online, de publicación abierta; seguir con la trayectoria actual, mejorando si cabe la calidad y el volumen de artículos; y llegar a incluir a la revista en el Social Science Citation Index del Journal Citation Report de Clarivate Analytics, el listado más prestigioso de índices de impacto de revistas académicas.

Para conseguir estos objetivos hemos pasado a utilizar el portal Open Journal System (OJS) del Repositorio Español de Ciencia y Tecnología (RECYT), hemos reorganizado la secretaría técnica y seguimos mejorando en la descripción de las normas de publicación, los principios éticos que rigen la revista, o los derechos de autor, pasando a utilizar la licencia Creative Commons CC BY-NC, que permite a los autores retener el máximo control sobre su trabajo.

La revista pasa a tener tres volúmenes anuales, que podrán ser o no volúmenes especiales.[1] En los últimos doce meses se han recibido un total de 134 trabajos, los cuales se han repartido entre la sección genérica de artículos, dos volúmenes especiales que verán próximamente la luz, y la sección de notas. El nivel de exigencia de la revista es alto: sin que la gran mayoría de trabajos hayan podido completar el proceso de revisión, un 64% los trabajos ya han sido rechazados, y casi la mitad de los que se reciben no pasa a evaluación. La mayoría de artículos se recibe en lengua castellana (un 60%), lo cual viene motivado porque el 76% de los trabajos se recibe de España (un 73% de los trabajos son en castellano) o de países americanos de habla hispana (85%). La gran mayoría de trabajos son hechos en coautoría (un 50%) y no es menor el volumen de artículos con más de 3 autores (un 10%). Analizando las cifras, no hemos encontrado ninguna asociación especial entre la tasa de rechazo y el idioma o el origen geográfico de los autores, y no hay ninguna directriz editorial en este sentido. Entre los trabajos recibidos hasta el momento destacan los relacionados de una manera directa o indirecta con temas turís­ticos, de política europea, desarrollo local o sectoriales, siendo igualmente los aspectos europeos una cons­tante en la revista.

Queremos mejorar la calidad técnica de la revista, consiguiendo que los autores de la revista puedan ligar sus identificadores personales a sus artículos (ORDIC, Researcher ID, etc.), así como dar mayor difusión a los trabajos a través de la cuenta de twitter (@JRR_InvRegs) y del Blog de la AECR, La Riqueza de las Regiones.

Continuar con la mejora de la calidad de la revista, su difusión e impacto científico y social, es el camino elegido para que Investigaciones Regionales mantenga su prestigio y consiga las metas propuestas. Confiamos que siga consultando los contenidos de la revista y que, si se da la oportunidad, la difunda en sus propios trabajos. Creemos que merece la pena hacer llegar al resto del mundo las valiosas experiencias que obtenemos estudiando el entorno regional y local que nos rodea, y el impacto que en él tienen los procesos globales, y los cambios económicos y sociales que nos toca vivir.

 

Vicente Royuela

Editor in Chief

Referencias

Royuela, V. (2017) “Special Issues at REGION”, REGION, 4(3), pp. E1-E5. doi:  https://doi.org/10.18335/region.v4i3.201

ORCID

Vicente Royuela     https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7647-0063

[1] Par ver el impacto de los volúmenes especiales en las citas de esta y otras revistas en ciencia regional, puede consultarse Royuela (2017).

 

© 2019 by the authors. Licensee: Investigaciones Regionales – Journal of Regional Research – The Journal of AECR,
Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, Spain. This article is distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial (CC BY NC) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/)

 

 

Artículos

European Regional Policy

‘Co-Funded by the EU’ vs ‘From the American people’: Refreshing the communication on EU Cohesion Policy

The authors review the communication agenda on the EU Cohesion Policy. In recent years this issue has attracted unprecedented attention, in particular in the context of the debate on the future of the EU budget. Strengthening the communication of cohesion policy can help to boost support for the EU, given that it represents the most tangible expression of EU solidarity on the ground. Consequently, it has become a priority, with both the European Parliament and the Council calling for more efforts. In this paper the authors review the actual regulatory framework and go beyond the provisions to make 10 proposals for improving the communication and visibility of the funds.

Keywords: European Identity; communication; Cohesion Policy; European Union

Artículos

Articles

Creative industries and firm creation: disentangling causal effects through historical cultural associations

In the last decade policy makers and scholars have highlighted the capacity of creative industries to stimulate economic growth. However, there is still some debate about the potential effect of reverse causality on this relationship, as creative industries may also be attracted to successful areas. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to disentangle the role played by the existing spatial concentration of these kinds of activity on new firm creation. The main statistical source is the REIC (Catalan Manufacturing Establishments Register), which has plant-level microdata on the location of plants in Catalan municipalities between 2002 and 2007. By using, for the first time, cultural associations as historical instrumental variables, the results confirm the po­tential of creative service industries (CSIs) for creating new firms.

Keywords: creative industries; cultural associations; industrial location; IV

Performance of business incubators and accelerators according to the regional entrepreneurship ecosystem in Spain

This article assesses how the regional entrepreneurship ecosystem can explain the performance of business incubators and accelerators in Spain. It additionally considers the importance of a systemic approach where the interrelations between business incubators and accelerators with the entrepreneurship ecosystem are cen­tral and innovative. This kind of relationship is assed quantitatively, for the first time in Spain, by using the regional entrepreneurship and development index (REDI) of the European Commission related to the per­formance of a wide public database of business incubators and accelerators. Results show a positive association between a higher REDI and a better performance of the business incubators and accelerators in those regions. This allows for making suggestions both for regional and entrepreneurship policy.

Keywords: business incubation; entrepreneurship; regional development.

A methodological approach for regional time series’ graphical analysis: an application to unemployment rates in Spanish provinces

This paper presents a methodology for longitudinal comparative analysis of regional time series. This methodology is integrated by the sheaf of straight lines methodology, proposed by Ferrán (2011), and the multidimensional scaling analysis. The interest of this methodology is that it visualizes the similarities and differences between the dynamics of each of the regions. We present this methodology through an application to the provincial study of unemployment rates in Spain over the period 1991-2018. The results of the analysis confirm the relevance of spatial components in the evolution of the unemployment elasticity over the economic cycle.

Keywords: regional unemployment rate; geographic time series comparison; sheaf of straight lines methodology; multidimensional scaling.

Real and potential employment generation by the dependency law: a regional analysis

The implementation of the System of Autonomy and Care for Dependency has led to the creation of thousands of jobs during the period 2008-2015. However, the employment generated has been significantly lower than initially estimated in Libro Blanco de la Dependencia (Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales, 2005), and territorially it has shown very significant differences. The objective of this article is to offer an explanation to both facts. For that, the gross direct employment generated by the process of implementing the Law for the Promotion of Personal Autonomy and Care for People in Situation of Dependence in each CC.AA. is estimated and it is compared with what could potentially have been achieved by combining two hypothetical situations. First, that there were no benefits recognized and pending of effective provision (situation known as limbo of dependence) and, second, that the cutback introduced by Royal Decree-Law 20/2012 was not applied.

Keywords: Social services; employment generation; Dependency Law; limbo effect; reform effect.

Territories of social exclusion in Argentina. Empirical Evidence on the Decades 1990-2010

This paper aims to integrate several theoretical bases of social exclusion in an operational definition whose empirical application allows for the construction of exclusion maps at the level of Argentine provinces during 1990-2010, by means of principal component and cluster analysis. Our results reveal the dynamism of this phenomenon in Argentina, both in terms of determining factors and territorial groupings.

Keywords: social exclusión; territories; Argentina.

Crisis, Employment and Inequality in Latin America: A National and Regional Analysis between Mexico, Brazil and Ecuador

The global economic crisis in 2008 impacts Latin America in a context in which a group of progressive gov­ernments had succeeded in managing the destiny of their countries. This paper analyses, at subnational level, the experiences of three countries, in the areas of employment and income inequality: Brazil and Ecuador, in which economic policies were reoriented towards a strong social approach, and which are compared with Mexico, a nation in which the Neo-liberal model was reinforced. The results enable to highlight that while inequality in wage income has been reduced in all those countries as a whole, that has not been the case for specific regions of those nations.

Keywords: Crisis; Wages; Polarization; Regional Inequality.

Air transport and tourism: An study for the Spanish Mediterranean region

This paper seeks to identify the factors driving air transport services, with special emphasis on the role played by tourism-related variables. Using data on flows of passengers arriving to airports in the Spanish Mediterranean region, we employ panel data regressions for the period 2004-2015. Explanatory factors in the model include variables reflecting the state of development of the tourism market, the size of the local eco­nomic activity, and the presence of low-cost carriers. Cointegration techniques are applied in order to control for the presence of unit roots in variables of the model. Main results show the relevance of tourism activities in explaining air transport passenger services in this area.

Keywords: tourist attractiveness; air transport; panel data models; cointegration analysis, tourism destinations.

Design of an indicator of confidence in the public authorities based on fuzzy logic

In recent years, the topic of trust in public authorities has been extensively analysed, notably with regard to the impact that this has on countries’ development. In this paper, an analysis of three representative European countries (Spain, Denmark, and Belgium) is carried out using data from the European Social Survey. The application of a method based on fuzzy logic and the degree of similarity to the ideal solutions makes it pos­sible to obtain a synthetic indicator of the degree of confidence that the citizens of these respective countries have in the analysed institutions.  This analysis is based on six different dimensions, namely: (1) The National Parliament; (2) The Legal System; (3) The Police; (4) The Politicians; (5) The European Parliament; and (6) The United Nations. The results obtained are conclusive for the current situation of the European Union, and in particular for Spain, where there are indications that the current democratic system is being under­mined by the lack of trust that citizens have in their respective public authorities and institutions.

Keywords: Trust; Public authorities; Fuzzy logic; TOPSIS