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Andoni Zulaika Arriaga, Víctor Sánchez Salmerón, Felix Arrieta Frutos

Towards a model of territorial governance for a locally-based inclusive approach: the regional experience of Beterri-Buruntza

In most countries, measures are being implemented to reorganise the institutional structures through which public services are provided. These reforms seek to reconcile the increased pressure on protection systems with their sustainability, but also to improve their efficiency and proximity to citizens. Recently, Gipuzkoa has promoted the revision of the territorial governance model to improve care for people in situations of exclusion and vulnerability. This article looks at the main limitations of the new regional governance model for improving social inclusion, identifying some lessons that can be extended to other territories that carry out similar processes. These should especially include the need for a clear public commitment and leadership, and a commitment to professional figures and structures of a county and/or local nature that coordinate resources and social agents.

 

 

 

Keywords: Governance; social inclusion; integration of services; social services; labour market integration

Check other articles from the issue Issue 52 – Spring 2022 or from other issues.

Diego F. García-Vélez, José Javier Núñez Velázquez

An alternative approach to measure multidimensional poverty using fuzzy sets: spatial analysis for Ecuador

The theory of fuzzy sets provides a referential framework for measuring poverty under a multidimensional approach. This theory replaces the poor or non-poor dichotomy, by the gradual belonging to the group of the poor. The objective of the research is to propose an alternative method for measuring multidimensional poverty in Ecuador. Three poverty rates are developed using fuzzy sets and the capabilities approach, in addition, a spatial analysis of poverty is carried out at the provincial level. The main results show that public policies must be prioritized towards housing and work, and no spatial dependency or multidimensional poverty clusters are identified.

Keywords: Multidimensional poverty; fuzzy sets; capabilities approach; spatial analysis

Check other articles from the issue Issue 52 – Spring 2022 or from other issues.

Moisés Obaco Álvarez, Nicola Pontarollo, Rodrigo Mendieta Muñoz

Subnational Multidimensional Poverty Dynamics in Developing Countries: the cases of Ecuador and Uruguay

This paper studies deprivation dynamics at the subnational level, introducing a Local Multidimensional Poverty Index (LMPI), and focusing on multidimensional poverty in Ecuador and Uruguay between the last two available censuses, 1990–2010 and 1996–2011, respectively. As a first step, we construct the LMPI at the municipal level using microdata from both counties. Subsequently, we explore spatial and temporal dynamics through a set of tools such as the salter graph, Moran’s I, Moran scatterplot, and spatial transition matrix. The results indicate that compared to Ecuador, Uruguay was initially in a better position in terms of the LMPI. However, Ecuador achieved a generalized reduction of the LMPI during the period of analysis, reaching levels close to that of Uruguay. Nevertheless, spatial persistence in the LMPI is observed.

Keywords: Developing economies; composite indicators; multidimensional poverty; spatial transition matrix

Check other articles from the issue Issue 52 – Spring 2022 or from other issues.

Vicente Royuela Mora

Cohesion in Europe

This note summarizes the highlights of the eighth cohesion report, on report on the economic, social and territorial cohesion of the European Union, which has recently come to light.

Keywords: Cohesion Policy; European Union; regional.

Check other articles from the issue Issue 52 – Spring 2022 or from other issues.

Alberto José Figueras, Daniela Cristina, Valeria Blanco, Iván Martín Iturralde

The influence of agglomeration on growth: A study of Argentina

This paper analyses the influence of agglomeration on economic growth in the Argentinian provinces for the period 1981–2007 using fixed effects and GMM estimation for panel data. The choice of the estimation approach is crucial. After controlling for potential simultaneity bias, there is evidence of a link between agglomeration and growth in the Argentinian provinces, suggesting that the Williamson hypothesis is in place.

Keywords: Regional growth; agglomeration; Williamson hypothesis; Argentina

Check other articles from the issue Issue 51 – Winter 2021 or from other issues.

Francisco Yépez Muñoz, Luis Palma Martos, Noemí Pulido Pavón

Rethinking Andalusian RIS3 Strategy Design through Regional Benchmarking

Research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3) has played a key role in the European Union regional policy in the 2014-2020 programing period.
Regional benchmarking exercises are encouraged by the European Commission to provide a better vision of the position of the region and detect its strengths and weaknesses.
In our work we intend to reinforce the SWOT analysis included in the RIS3 strategy of Andalusia 2014-2020 using the benchmarking methodology proposed by the European Commission. This exercise allows us to outline new proposals for action and a cualitative methodology that could be useful in the design of RIS3 strategies in the period 2021-2027.

Keywords: European Union regional policy; smart specialisation; regional research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3); SWOT Analysis.

Check other articles from the issue Issue 51 – Winter 2021 or from other issues.

Grace Carolina Guevara Rosero, Jonathan Rafael Quijia Pillajo, José Fernando Ramírez Álvarez, Oscar Omar Acero Almachi

Do the novelty and type of innovation affect the performance of firms? A case study for Ecuador

Since innovation is a productivity driver that leads to economic growth, the case of a developing country, Ecuador, is studied. The aim of this paper is to measure the causal effect of innovation on firms’ productivity by distinguishing the type of innovation, namely, in products, in process, in organization and in marketing. To do so, an endogenous switching model is estimated using the Science, Technology and Innovation Activity Survey. The results indicate that the productivity loss is higher for innovating firms if they stop innovating than the productivity gain of non-innovating firms if they engage in innovation. The difference between the productivity losses and gains depends on the type of innovation.

Keywords: Productivity; innovation; firms; Latin America

Check other articles from the issue Issue 52 – Spring 2022 or from other issues.

Yency Contreras Ortiz

Value Capture Instruments: evolution of the Participation in Land Value increments in Colombia 1997-2017

This article analyzes the concept of value capture, the typologies of existing instruments and it examines the opportunities and regulatory and operational restrictions of “participation in capital gains” as one of the main bets in regards in Colombia. Using qualitative and quantitative tools, the results of the regulation and implementation of the instrument are shown in 20 years of formal existence for 444 municipalities in the country. It is evident that although a significant number of municipalities incorporate the tax in their territorial regulations, despite its potentialities this instrument has not been consolidated as an important source of financing. Small and medium municipalities have most mobilized such participation in the context of their urban growth transformations and the territorial planning decisions.

Keywords: Participation in Land Value; value capture instruments; urban development; master plan

Check other articles from the issue Issue 51 – Winter 2021 or from other issues.

Amalia Gómez Casillas

The Social Explorer

The Social Explorer is a free and open access platform that allows an agile and interactive approach to geo-referenced data from Spain of sociodemographic, economic, political and environmental interest. In this review a brief presentation of it is made.

Keywords: Social explorer; Spain; Georeferenced data; municipalities

Check other articles from the issue Issue 51 – Winter 2021 or from other issues.